The appendix is a long narrow tube about few inches in length. It is attached to the first part of the colon called Cecum. The Appendix is present in the lower right side of the abdominal cavity. Immunoglobulins, a bacteria-destroying protein is produced by the appendix which helps to fight against infection in the body. Other body organs do the job when the appendix is surgically removed.
When the appendix turns inflamed, swollen, bacteria can start to harbor there and form pus. The bacteria build up and pus stimulates pain around the belly button and the pain spreads towards the lower right section of the abdomen. Coughing and walking make the pain worse.
Appendectomy is the standard treatment for appendicitis. When the symptoms of the appendix are felt, then it is important to seek out the early treatment. If the condition is untreated then the appendix may burst and the entire abdominal cavity becomes infectious. It can lead to peritonitis, which is a life-threatening condition. So, it is advisable to remove appendix before it ruptures.
When the appendix is blocked by stool/foreign body or cancer, it leads to appendicitis. A Blockage may also occur from infections as the appendix could swell in response to any infection in the body.
Appendix removal surgery is performed laparoscopically. Tiny incisions are made in the abdominal wall. A laparoscope is then introduced through one of the ports and other instruments help through other ports, the surgeon clearly views the infected appendix and removes it. Eventually, the incisions are sutured and dressed.